Large Animal Care

Our clinic routinely provides medical care for horses, cattle, sheep, pigs, alpacas, llamas, and whitetail deer. We offer ambulatory services as well as the option to haul animals into our facility for procedures. The clinic is equipped to work cattle through a chute system, contains stocks for equine restraint, has stalls for surgical procedures and recovery, and has the equipment to perform specialized services such as floating teeth and laparoscopic artificial insemination.

Specialized Services

Each of our large animal species has special needs that set them apart from other industries.


  • 24-Hour Emergency Services: Being animal owners ourselves, we all understand that they don’t just need medical assistance during business hours. In striving to better serve the needs of our patients, we offer 24 hour emergency care to current large and small animal clients. For emergency contact information, see the lefthand sidebar.

  • TB & Brucellosis Testing: Federal regulation requires that all cervid producers meet specific guidelines in order to qualify for selling animals to other producers. One of these requirements includes testing the herd for tuberculosis and brucellosis every three years.

  • CWD Survellience Specimen Collection: Another federally regulated program targeted towards cervid producers. Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD) is a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) of cervids. TSEs are caused by unusual infectious known as prions. The disease was first recognized as a clinical "wasting" syndrome in 1967 in mule deer housed in a wildlife Colorado research facility. CWD is typified by chronic weight loss leading to death. There is no known relationship between CWD and any other TSE of animals or people. CWD accreditation requires that herds submit tissue samples on all dead deer older than 12 months of age. We provide this service at our office but require that the head be brought to the clinic within 24 hours of death. It needs to be kept cold until brought in for sampling and accompanied by the appropriate paperwork. If you have specific questions about this program please contact our office.

  • Laparoscopic Artificial Insemination: This service was introduced to the practice in 2008 and has had a success rate ranging from 68 74% depending on the year. The professional staff was trained by Dr. Cliff Shipley from the University of Illinois and offers breeding of whitetail deer and sheep. Drs. Tom Smith and Matthew Nolting are both trained in these services. The program requires synchronization of females through the use of CIDRs and hormone injections at specific timing intervals. The animals are anesthetized, clipped and scrubbed, and bred using a laparoscope to visualize the uterus. The semen is evaluated for motility and deposited directly into the uterine horns. The main advantage to using laparoscopic artificial insemination in comparison to vaginal breeding is that since the semen is deposited directly into the uterus, a cc straw of semen can be split between four breeding females. Animals are given an antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, pain medication, and vitamins. If you are interested in discussing this service or scheduling an appointment, please contact our technician Keri at 574-658-4126 or at milfordanimalclinic@gmail.com. Keri will be glad to answer any questions you may have.

  • Semen Evaluation: The clinic offers breeding soundness evaluations (BSE) on bulls, rams, and bucks. This service is performed at the clinic by a veterinarian and technician. The animal is examined, the scrotal circumference is measured, bulls are rectally palpated to rule out and internal abnormalities and a sample is collected and evaluated for motility. The sample is then stained, evaluated microscopically, and individual spermatozoa are evaluated and counted. Any abnormalities are noted and recommendations are made as to how the breeding animal should be used for the breeding season.